Annual Technical Report 2004 on Patent Information Activities submitted by Canada (SCIT/ATR/PI/2004/CA)


Where URLs are requested below, it is preferred that either URLs which are likely to remain stable over time (three years or more) are provided, or home (main) page URLs are provided with a short explanation of how to access the corresponding information.

The term "patent" covers utility models and Supplementary Protection Certificates (SPCs). Offices which issue design patents should report their design patent information activities in their Annual Technical Reports on Industrial Design Information Activities.


I. Evolution of patent activities

Changes experienced in terms of application filings and grants with respect to the previous year

National :
- 1.11 % decrease in filings (37,627 in 2003 and 37,207 in 2004 of which 26,348 were PCT)
- 13.9 % increase in grants (11,469 in 2003 and 13,060 in 2004)

- 6.6 % decrease in CA-RO filings (2040 in 2003 and 1906 in 2004)

CIPO became an ISA on the 26th of July 2006, so 614 applications were received between July and the end of December.

Trends or areas experiencing rapid changes with respect to the previous year

Trends or areas experiencing rapid changes with respect to the previous year.

- Nothing stands out so far.

Trends in our e-services

- 58 % increase in e-filings (376 in 2003 and 594 in 2004)
- 43 % increase in e-correspondence (2,632 in 2003 and 3770 in 2004)

Even though patent agents have not started using e-filing on a large scale, some small firms do use it on a regular basis.

Our e-correspondence allows an applicant to perform all transaction (enter national phase of an application, pay fees, etc.) The biggest impact is on paying maintenance fee on applications. They can pay all fees online using their credit-card or a deposit account. Unfortunately, once we receive the data, we still have to enter it manually in our system (this part has not been automated yet).

We do not currently accept PCT e-filing.

II. Matters concerning the generation, reproduction, distribution and use of primary and secondary sources of patent information

Publishing, printing, copying (main types of publications of the office in the field of patent information, etc.)

Reproduction and Distribution:

Canadian Patent Office Record (Gazette) is published weekly and is available on CIPO's website.

Also the Annual index of the Canadian Patent Office Record was made available by means of the Web Site in 2000.

MIMOSA CDs for open for public inspection and granted applications are prepared every week and sent to various Patent Offices around the world.

To help searchers, the office also provides online access to United States patents via WEST.

Main types of announcements of the Office in the field of patent information

Office notices and changes to office procedures are done through the Canadian Patent Office Record (CPOR).

Some of these office notices, and many other patent related notices, are put directly on the CIPO WEB site under the Patent notices section.

Mass storage media used (paper, microforms, optical storage, etc.)

Our TechSource system includes bibliographic data (from 1920-present), text (abstract, claim and description of laid open patent documents from 1978-present) and images of patent documents (from 1920-present). Technology used to store our images has changed in the last year, rather than using an optical technology, we have moved all these documents on hard disk technology.

To help searchers, the office also maintains data on United States Patents on DVDs and Espace World (Mimosa) CDs/DVDs, and provides online access through WEST.

Storage process of new national application/correspondence:

As paper applications or other requests are received, if money is included, the paper documents are forwarded to finance to clear payment before they are forwarded to the formality section. The Formality Section enters some tombstone data in our TechSource system which creates a PA (Patent/Application) number. Then they put divider pages indicating the various sections of a document. Then it is forwarded to the Scanning Section for scanning these sheets in the system. Once scanning is complete, a QA is done on it.

For amendments or any other correspondence without payment, the info is scanned as soon as it is received and then tasked to the appropriate section.

The paper is put in boxes in the same order as they are being scanned With respect to retaining paper copies of all Canadian inventor filed applications, we do not keep the paper. Since P/A # 2,300,000, April 2000, the paper for all initially filed applications and all subsequently filed correspondence, (except prior art greater than 50 pages and unscannable material), is set aside for destruction, after the scanning and quality check steps. We then destroy the paper when we have a truck load of them.

For PCT applications entering national phase, if money is included, the paper documents are forwarded to finance to clear payment, then the documents are forwarded to the PCT section. For national entry of PCT applications, the application is retrieved from EspaceWorld CDs/DVDS provided by WIPO on a regular basis and indexed in a workstation application entitled “AppEntry”. Then, QA is done. The application is then forwarded in the PCT queue for data entry requirements. Basic information entered in TechSource.

For new PCT filings, the workstation system entitled “InterApp” was added functionality to handle ISA. The system allows QC steps as part of the workflow. It exchanges data with WordPerfect to allow creation of RO/ISA/IPEA notices.

Word processing and office automation

We switched from WordPerfect 8 to 10 as our word processor to handle custom correspondence.

The TechSource system generates a high volume of notices automatically.

Most of the office reports, notices and letters are sent to applicants in paper form.

With our e-commerce, we allow applicants to communicate electronically with the office. E-filing is done securely through a SSL server.

InterApp WordPerfect generated correspondence is converted to TIFF once it is printed and stored in TIFF format.

(New) techniques used for the generation of patent information (printing, recording, photocomposing, etc.)

The cover page creation process has been automated but there remains some minor manual intervention done on some of the cover pages generated.

In cases where applicants elected to communicate electronically with the office, we send them copies of our report, notice, letter in image format (TIFF). For custom correspondence we convert the document using an AFP driver to an image file (in AFP), which we then convert to a TIFF file using an imaging software (ImagePlus). This function uses regular e-mail and is therefore not secure. Very few applicants have elected to communicate via unsecure e-mail currently.

The office would like to automate the sending of all host generated correspondence directly via e-mail to our applicants in image format.

CIPO can now load images from Espace World CDs/DVDs directly into its system for applications entering the national phase.

III. Matters concerning abstracting, classifying, reclassifying and indexing of technical information contained in patent documents

Abstracting, reviewing, translating

The Office translates the titles in French or English depending on the language of the application. Some translations are retrieved from the PCT import process which uses an XML file “FTPed” from WIPO.

Classification and reclassification activities; Classification system used, e.g., International Patent Classification (IPC), other classification (please indicate whether or not patent documents are classified by your Office and, if so, which classification is used)

The Canadian Patent Office classifies patent documents internally using the International Patent Classification system (IPC) as its classification system since October 1, 1989. Before this date, the office used the Canadian Patent Classification system as its classification system. Documents between August 1978 and March 1994 contain classification codes from both systems. Classification code information appearing on applications following the PCT route are transferred directly in our system and can be reviewed any time thereafter.

We are working hard to ensure that we meet the IPC reform deadline, Jan 1, 2006. To that end, many people are working on a study which describes the impact to the business and to our systems. Moreover, we are trying to use a new technology entitled Components. Once the IPC components are developed, they should be accessible by workstation applications as well as our mainframe applications.

Hybrid system indexing

CIPO uses a concordance table between the IPC and its CPC.

Bibliographic data and full-text processing for search purposes

Canadian Patent Office maintains an electronic search file of all patent documents open to public from 1920-present, searchable using bibliographical data.

Documents from 1978 -present are also searchable using text fields of abstract, claims and description. Only the text from the abstract and claims is verified for quality when the image is converted to text using OCR. The bibliographical information and image format of patent documents are available internally through our in-house system “Inquire Text” or externally though our Web site. The only information not available searching our WEB site is the text from the description.

IV. Search file establishment and upkeep

File building

The information for our search engine is coming from our Line of Business (Mainframe based application to handle national cases) application which enables CIPO to manages electronically all Canadian patent documents (paperless office).


The Canadian Database search engine is updated electronically daily for our internal search tool (Inquire Text) and weekly for our external search tool (verity) available on our Web site. Our InquireText search system will not be supported by end of 2005, so we are also studying the impact of changing it with new indexing software, which will probably be Verity.

Documentation from other offices maintained and/or considered part of the available search file

CIPO has replaced the US Patent paper collection on paper by an electronic access to the USPTO’s WEST database.

V. Activities in the field of computerized and other mechanized search systems

In-house systems (online/offline)

Canadian Patent Office is involved in a renewal project to replace 1) the existing search engine Inquire Text and Internet Canadian Patent Database with a single database; and 2) the electronic patent document data management system (Line of Business) in future years.

On the e-commerce side, we are planning to use PCT-Safe as the basic architecture which would eventually be integrated with our TechSource system to enable specific transactions.

Biotechnology. The office uses the Wisconsin Package (Genetics Computer Group) to help to search biotechnology field.

External databases

The Canadian Patent Office uses commercial databases on patents and technical literature through, for example, Questel-Orbit, STN, DIALOG, Delphion providers and general databases available over the Internet.

We are also investigating use of the EPOQUE system currently tested by 5 examiners.

Administrative management systems (e.g., register, legal status, statistics, administrative support, etc.)

Information on patent documents is available through a mainframe application which supports the administration of the patent process by managing: applications, granted patents, applicant, inventors, owners, agent information, etc. The system also provides statistical information, management reports, fee payment, correspondence, workflow management facility, etc.

Equipment used (hardware, including the types of terminal and network used, and software), carriers used

TechSource is the system used by the Patent Branch of the Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO) to support its delivery of all patent prosecution processes. The core of the system consists of the major integration of Commercial Off-The Shelf (COTS) products; Image Plus to handle the scanning and image management related to patent applications, INQUIRE/Text to handle the textual searching requirements and QMF to handle interactive query of the data. These COTS products operate in an IBM mainframe environment that supports, and is supported by, the Line Of Business (LOB) system which is a mainframe CICS and DB2 applications that handles patent application tracking, financial and client management elements of the patent process. Bridging exists between the different application to have an integrated system.

User workstations are operating using the Windows 2000 operating system and are networked through an ethernet LAN.

Existing online thesauri; their structure, presentation and usefulness for computerized searches

Thesauri capability is in TechSource but was never implemented.

VI. Administration of the industrial property office library and services available to the public (relating to facilities, e.g., for lodging applications, for assisting clients on searching procedures, for obtaining official publications and registry extracts)

Administration of Office Libraries:

CIPO consolidated the main Patent and Trademark Search Library in Gatineau, Quebec into a single Client Service Centre. The various paper search files have been removed. CIPO clients now search only the electronic search files.

VII. Matters concerning mutual exchange of patent documentation and information

Exchange of Patent Documents:
· CIPO now provides Laid-open and Grants documents on CD-R.
· The Canadian Patent Office Record (gazette) and Annual index in electronic format by means of the CIPO Web site
· Priority documents are printed from the CIPO TECHSOURCE system

VIII. Other relevant matters concerning education and training in, and promotion of, the use of patent information, including technical assistance to developing countries

In May 2005, the Canadian Intellectual Property Office, in partnership with WIPO, offered a one-week Specialized Training Workshop on the Application of Management Techniques in the Delivery of Intellectual Property Services.

CIPO has provided, in cooperation with WIPO, the following free patent services to developing countries:
· Patent search and examination reports for developing countries, upon request from WIPO (ICSES);
· State-of-the-art patent searches under the WIPO Patent Information Searches (WPIS) for developing countries; and
· Paper copies of relevant Canadian patent documents identified by WIPO patent searches.

IX. Other relevant matters


1.Classification is allotting one or more classification symbols (e.g., IPC symbols) to a patent application, either before or during search and examination, which symbols are then published with the patent application.


2.Preclassification is allotting an initial broad classification symbol (e.g., IPC class or subclass, or administrative unit) to a patent application, using human or automated means for internal administrative purposes (e.g., routing an application to the appropriate examiner).  Usually preclassification is applied by the administration of an office.


3.Reclassification is the reconsideration and usually the replacement of one or more previously allotted classification symbols to a patent document, following a revision and the entry into force of a new version of the Classification system (e.g., the IPC).  The new symbols are available on patent databases.